Popular Economics Weekly
How should we remember Martin Luther King, Jr. on his holiday? That greater equality creates greater prosperity for all; as well as greater peace.
President Trump’s S***Hole comments were meant as a signal to his neo-nazi supporters that he wanted to exclude as many non-whites from immigrating to America as he could, and encourage more from European countries like Norway.
This means he isn’t interested in stronger economic growth over the longer term, since much of the economic growth today can be attributed to non-whites and women, according to an excellent column by the Conversable Economist, Tim Taylor, commemorating MLK Jr.’s holiday.
Non-whites and women have been contributing a larger share to our economic growth than White men since at least 1960 in high-skill occupations. Before then, many labored in the lower-skilled, unnoticed occupations that weren’t always included in growth statistics.
Professor Taylor quotes a policy brief from the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research cited by Peter Klenow. The percentage of White men in the high-skilled occupations of Doctors, Lawyers and Managers, “defined as lawyers, doctors, engineers, scientists, architects, mathematicians, executives/managers,” has fallen substantially, while that of Black men, White and Black women has soared. The number of White women entering these professions has tripled, Black men quadrupled, and Black women grown eight times from 1960 to 2008.
The result? Klenow estimates that economic growth increased by 15-20 percent due to these minorities entering the higher-skilled occupation, just from the fact that their numbers increased as a share of the overall profession, while the percentage of White men has fallen by approximately one-third.
It also highlights another important fact. Economic growth depends on population growth plus labor productivity. And annual labor productivity has declined approximately 50 percent since 2007, as has U.S. population growth. So the only way to boost economic growth from its current 2 percent range is to increase the working age population via immigration.
The lesson therefore is that we need greater diversity in our workforce, not less as President Trump and his racist supporters want, since our birth rates are declining; a valuable lesson to remember on Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.
Harlan Green © 2018
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